Interesting read about 79 new moons just discovered circling our largest solar system neighbor Jupiter. In a recent article published by The New York Times and other outlets:
“they did spot 12 new points of light in the vicinity of Jupiter. Verifying the observations took a year, and then the International Astronomical Union’s Minor Planet Center — the clearinghouse for gathering and disseminating solar system data — released the findings.
Bigger moons like Europa and Ganymede typically orbit in the same direction as the rotation of their planet, in what astronomers call a prograde motion. That is not surprising, because these moons likely formed out of a disk of dust and gas that was spinning in the same direction as the planet as the solar system took form.
But the immense gravity of Jupiter could also capture other passing objects, and those space rocks sometimes end up orbiting the other way, in what’s known as retrograde motion.
Two of the new moons have prograde orbits, matching an inner group of moons that are thought to be fragments of a larger moon that shattered. Nine fall among three swarms of more distant retrograde moons, likely remnants of three larger, captured moons.
The 12th moon is an oddity. It moves among the retrograde moons yet orbits in a prograde direction. “It’s going down the highway the wrong direction.”
It is important to note that astronomers do not clearly understand exactly why some planets (or moons) move in retrograde motion, but one possible answer is explained in the Urantia Book, where it states that, as our solar system was being formed, another nearby-system known as Angona was traveling close enough to create a gravitational tug, thus, resulting in a slight loss if its own stellar material, some of which was capture by the gravity of Jupiter and Saturn, and makes this curious statement:
“The powerful gravity pull of Jupiter and Saturn early captured most of the material stolen from Angona as the retrograde motion of certain of their satellites bears witness.”
All of the solar system material derived from the sun was originally endowed with a homogeneous direction of orbital swing, and had it not been for the intrusion of these three foreign space bodies, all solar system material would still maintain the same direction of orbital movement. As it was, the impact of the three Angona tributaries injected new and foreign directional forces into the emerging solar system with the resultant appearance of retrograde motion. Retrograde motion in any astronomic system is always accidental and always appears as a result of the collisional impact of foreign space bodies. Such collisions may not always produce retrograde motion, but no retrograde ever appears except in a system containing masses which have diverse origins.:
In summary, the Urantia Book authors are once more vindicated by a new scientific discovery, and in this case, even provides an answer to astronomers with regard to understanding why there is sometimes retrograde motion among our solar neighbors.
And there is this report from 2004 that hypothesizes just such an collusion described in the paragraph above from Paper 57 of the Urantia Book.
The icy planet Uranus is an odd place. It spins on an axis almost perpendicular to its orbit, with one pole pointed straight at the sun for much of the year. It’s also colder than expected and has an unusually-shaped magnetic field. One theory for how Uranus became such an oddball in our space neighborhood involves a massive impact strong enough to tip a young planet onto its side.
In research published this week in the Astrophysical Journal, a group of researchers ran the numbers on such a collision and simulated what the results might be if a planet one, two, or three times the size of the Earth were to strike Uranus in the early days of our solar system. Jacob Kegerreis, one of the authors of the report, joins the program to talk about the research and what it might tell us about planetary formation elsewhere in the universe.
View a simulation of the collision below.
We came across a recent article about a possible discovery of a life-bearing planet – and this planet is but a mere 11 light years distance from Earth.
“Ross 128 is a red dwarf. Most of the stars in the galaxy are red dwarfs, around 70 percent. They are cooler and smaller than our Sun, and it’s estimated that most of them have planets.
Because red dwarfs are so cool, their habitable Goldilocks zone – not too hot, not too cold, but just right for life – is a lot closer than the distance between Earth and the Sun.
However, most red dwarfs are very active. Proxima Centauri, another red dwarf orbited by a rocky exoplanet in the habitable zone, is much closer than Ross 128, but it also belches out so many flares that it’s unlikely life could survive on any planets around it.
Ross 128 is the rare inactive red dwarf, with minimal flare activity. This means it’s a very good place to look for life – but because of the angle around which Ross 128 b orbits the star, it’s difficult to study the planet directly. Looking at the star itself, though, is the next best thing.
Ross 128, as it turns out, has similar iron levels to our Sun. The team wasn’t able to determine silicon levels, but they were able to see magnesium content. Equipped with the iron and magnesium levels in the star, the researchers could then estimate the minimum size of the planet’s core – and therefore its radius.
They found that Ross 128 b is likely larger than Earth, but still within rocky planet range – that is, not a gas giant.”
Let us compare the above to one of many descriptions in the UB which detail the myriad of the life-bearing planets that do exist.
From Paper 41 on the physical systems that comprise our starry neighborhood:
“Most of the giant suns are relatively young; most of the dwarf stars are old, but not all. The collisional dwarfs may be very young and may glow with an intense white light, never having known an initial red stage of youthful shining. Both very young and very old suns usually shine with a reddish glow. The yellow tinge indicates moderate youth or approaching old age, but the brilliant white light signifies robust and extended adult life.
“While all adolescent suns do not pass through a pulsating stage, at least not visibly, when looking out into space you may observe many of these younger stars whose gigantic respiratory heaves require from two to seven days to complete a cycle. Your own sun still carries a diminishing legacy of the mighty upswellings of its younger days, but the period has lengthened from the former three and one-half day pulsations to the present eleven and one-half year sunspot cycles.”
…The majority of solar systems, however, had an origin entirely different from yours, and this is true even of those which were produced by gravity-tidal technique. But no matter what technique of world building obtains, gravity always produces the solar system type of creation; that is, a central sun or dark island with planets, satellites, sub-satellites, and meteors.
“The physical aspects of the individual worlds are largely determined by mode of origin, astronomical situation, and physical environment. Age, size, rate of revolution, and velocity through space are also determining factors. Both the gas-contraction and the solid-accretion worlds are characterized by mountains and, during their earlier life, when not too small, by water and air. The molten-split and collisional worlds are sometimes without extensive mountain ranges.”
Bottom line: we might be looking at a planet slighty larger than ours with a slightly Higher rate of revolution around its slightly smaller Sun (which means stronger gravity – and smaller people) as described here in Paper 49:
“The gravity types. By modification of creative design, intelligent beings are so constructed that they can freely function on spheres both smaller and larger than Urantia (Earth), thus being, in measure, accommodated to the gravity of those planets which are not of ideal size and density.
“The various planetary types of mortals vary in height, the average in Nebadon (our local area of the Milky Way) being a trifle under seven feet. Some of the larger worlds are peopled with beings who are only about two and one-half feet in height. Mortal stature ranges from here on up through the average heights on the average-sized planets to around ten feet on the smaller inhabited spheres. In our system there is only one race under four feet in height. Twenty per cent of the inhabited worlds in our system are peopled with mortals of the modified gravity types occupying the larger and the smaller planets.”
Intriguing, to say the least.
For stargazers, below is where Ross 128b is located in the nighttime sky (Red arrow):
Astronomer George Park uses source material from the Urantia Book to determine the physical location of Paradise at the center of creation. A fascinating examination of the cosmos.